Politics | The Economist

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As delegates discussed final drafts at the UN COP26 climate change summit in Glasgow, America and China issued a joint statement to work together to reduce emissions. Both countries have said they are determined to keep the increase in the Earth’s average surface temperature “well below” 2oC relative to pre-industrial levels. China has said it will develop a national plan to reduce methane emissions. Time will tell if their statement was a diplomatic demonstration or the start of something more substantial.

Belarus continued to dump migrants at the border with Poland and prevent them, at gunpoint, from retreating. He lured them onto flights from the Middle East with false promises of easy passage to the European Union. Migrants cannot enter Poland, and with the onset of winter, they may soon freeze. The despotic regime of Alexander Lukashenko apparently hopes to provoke a new political crisis in the EU on refugees. Poland sent 15,000 troops to the region.

The British The government has announced that frontline staff at the National Health Service in England will need to be vaccinated against covid-19 by April 1. The latest government data shows that 10% of all NHS employees are not completely trapped. This week was the deadline for caregivers to meet the requirement; about a quarter of these workers did not receive their full dose.

The White House has urged big companies to move forward with plans to ensure their staff are vaccinated by early January, after a federal appeals court temporarily suspended Joe Biden’s program. vaccination mandate. The court said it had “serious legal and constitutional concerns” about the order. The government asked him to reconsider his decision.

Mr Biden was able to achieve a big victory when the House of Representatives finally passed his billion dollars infrastructure bill. The bill appeared to be in jeopardy when leftist Democrats insisted that welfare legislation be put to a vote at the same time.

he will always be there

Nasa postponed its planned mission to land astronauts on the Moon, its first since 1972, of at least a year, until 2025. A lawsuit filed by Blue Origin against Jeff Bezos over the contract awarded to SpaceX to build the lunar lander was one of the reasons for the delay (a judge recently dismissed the lawsuit).

Daniel Ortega, the authoritarian president of Nicaragua, won a fourth consecutive term. Joe Biden called the election a “pantomime”. Over the past six months, Mr. Ortega has jailed some of his potential opponents and forced others to flee. Several hundred ordinary people who protested against his regime in the past remain behind bars.

from Chile The Chamber of Deputies has approved impeachment proceedings against Sebastián Piñera, after leaked documents raised more questions about a mining deal the president’s family signed during his first term in 2010 (he denies committing any wrongdoing ). But the opposition will struggle to get the two-thirds majority needed to formally remove Piñera from the Senate.

The Communist Party of China Central Committee held an annual meeting where delegates discussed a resolution on the history of the party, the first of its kind in 40 years. It seemed to aim to justify an extension of Xi by Jinping rule beyond a party congress in 2022.

America urged China to release Zhang Zhan, a citizen journalist who was sentenced to four years in prison for her reporting on the early days of the covid-19 pandemic in Wuhan. The government continued to fight a new outbreak of the disease that began in mid-October and has caused hundreds of infections.

Thailand The constitutional court ruled that three activists who called for reforms to the country’s monarchy during protests last year were guilty of trying to oust the king. The court focused on whether the speeches were constitutional, so no penalties were imposed, but the ruling will stifle debate over the role of the monarchy.

The Duterte dynasty

Sara Duterte, daughter of Rodrigo Duterte, president of the Philippines, withdrew her candidacy for re-election as mayor of Davao, sparking speculation that she intends to run for a national post in next year’s presidential election. His father will have served the entire authorized presidential term.

Mustafa al-Kadhimi, Prime Minister of Iraq, was the target of an assassination attempt. The attack reportedly involved drones, one of which reached Mr. Kadhimi’s home. He was not injured, although six of his guards were injured. Suspicion fell on the Iranian-backed militias.

Iran chief nuclear negotiator Ali Bagheri-Kani visited European capitals ahead of talks with America and European powers aimed at resuscitating the nuclear deal Iran signed in 2015. Mr. Bagheri-Kani appeared to rule out any discussion of Iran’s nuclear activity during the talks, and said they should instead focus on lifting sanctions. America, which walked away from the deal in 2018, disagrees.

France has formally handed over to Benign 26 precious objects, including statues and a royal throne, which he took with him when he colonized this West African country at the end of the 19th century. Other former colonial powers are also under pressure to return looted items. These include Great Britain, which holds more than 900 “Benin bronzes” that were taken in Nigeria.

A South African court declared that Manuel Chang, from Mozambique former finance minister, could be extradited to America. There he faces charges related to bribes from loans that financed, among other things, a tuna fishing company.

Klerk’s FW, the last white apartheid president in South Africa, has died at the age of 85. He once said that he should not have the honor of ending apartheid, although Mr. de Klerk helped pave the way for the release of Nelson Mandela and the subsequent transfer of power.

This article appeared in the The World This Week section of the print edition under the headline “Politics”

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